Types of dementia

Dementia is the umbrella term for a number of neurological conditions, of which the major symptom includes a global decline in brain function.

It is a condition that has been noted in people for hundreds of years.

Dementia was a relatively rare occurrence before the 20th century as fewer people lived to old age in pre-industrial society. It was not until the mid 1970’s that dementia begun to be described as we know it today.

We now know dementia is a disease symptom, and not a normal part of aging.

There are over 100 diseases that may cause dementia. The most common causes of dementia include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies.

Visit the pages below to learn more about the causes of dementia:

Alzheimer's disease

Vascular dementia

Lewy Body disease

Frontotemporal dementia

Alcohol related dementia

Down syndrome and Alzheimer's disease

HIV associated dementia